ENTOMOFAUNA ASSOCIATED WITH THE CULTIVATION OF Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal, IN THE MUNICI-PALITY OF LLORÓ, WESTERN COLOMBIA

Date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
Date
2021-05-22
Abstract
Description
The entomophuana associated with the Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal crop was evaluated in three 6 m x 10.5 m plots. The insects were collected by manual capture and trapping. The manual captures were carried out with the support of a pair of tweezers and gloves, the trapping was done with pitfall traps without attractants, the sampling intensity was 308 man-hours for manual captures and 1344 man-hours for captures with pitfall traps. A total of 386 individuals were collected, distributed in 38 genera, 22 families and five orders. The trophic composition suggests phytophagous and zoophagous insects as the most abundant. The population fluctuation of the associated insects was closely related to the phenology of the crop, since the record of insect collections suggests an increase in the population during the flowering stage of the crop.
En tres parcelas de 6 m x 10,5 m se evaluó la entomofuana asociada al cultivo de Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal. Los insectos se colectaron aplicando captura manual y trampa. Las manuales, se efectuaron con el apoyo de jamás, pinzas y guantes de carnaza, las capturas con trampa, se realizaron por medio de trampas pitfall sin atrayentes, la intensidad de muestreo fue de 308 horas/hombre para las capturas manuales y 1344 horas/hombre para capturas con trampas pitfall. Se colectaron en total 386 individuos distribuidos en 38 géneros, 22 familias y cinco órdenes. La composición trófica sugiere a los insectos fitófagos y zoófagos como los más abundantes. La fluctuación poblacional de los insectos asociados, estuvo muy relacionada con la fenología del cultivo, ya que el registro de colectas de los insectos sugiere un aumento de la población en la etapa de floración del cultivo.   The entomophuana associated with the Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal crop was evaluated in three 6 m x 10.5 m plots. The insects were collected by manual capture and trapping. The manual captures were carried out with the support of a pair of tweezers and gloves, the trapping was done with pitfall traps without attractants, the sampling intensity was 308 man-hours for manual captures and 1344 man-hours for captures with pitfall traps. A total of 386 individuals were collected, distributed in 38 genera, 22 families and five orders. The trophic composition suggests phytophagous and zoophagous insects as the most abundant. The population fluctuation of the associated insects was closely related to the phenology of the crop, since the record of insect collections suggests an increase in the population during the flowering stage of the crop.
Keywords
Composición trófica, Insecto, Métodos de captura
Citation