Effect of physical exercise on physical fitness and stress in patients with psychoactive substance use.

Date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
Date
2022-09-30
Abstract
Description
The practice of regular physical exercise has its benefits in physical health and mental health of the population. In addition, it is recommended as a useful strategy to complement the treatment of substance use disorders. The differences and effects have been studied of the program EF, over the capacities on individuals receiving treatment's conditional capacities and stress profile. A pre-experimental pretest-posttest design was used, with a single group of (n=4, Medad =22.0, DE= 5.3) people chosen at random, examined and eligible based on self-report PAR-Q & YOU and a control mean such as the IDARE. The results show the significant differences and statistically significant impacts in MS muscular resistance, abdominal muscular resistance, and MI changes were identified, although not significant, also in flexibility; and statistically significant changes in stress were found. The outcomes of this study show that physical exercise can cause beneficial changes in some aspects of physical behavior in the drug-addicted population, but more empirical data is needed to support up these claims.   Keywords: physical exercise, physical conditions, adiction, stress.
El ejercicio físico (EF) regular tiene beneficios en la salud; además, es recomendado como estrategia útil en el tratamiento por consumo de sustancias psicoactivas (SPA). Se estudiaron diferencias y efecto del EF sobre la aptitud física y estrés en sujetos drogodependientes. El diseño pre-experimental pretest-postest con un solo grupo conformado por (n=4, Medad=22.0, DE=5.3), evaluados y elegibles según el autoreporte PAR-Q & YOU y el inventario IDARE. Los resultados mostraron que la resistencia muscular de miembros superiores e inferiores obtuvieron diferencias significativas (p< 0.03, y 0.00), aunque el tamaño del efecto no evidenció valores positivos (d = -1.79 y -6.00); la capacidad aeróbica, resistencia muscular abdominal y flexibilidad no reportaron significación estadística y el tamaño del efecto fue negativo; el estrés mostró diferencias significativas. Los hallazgos revelan que el EF puede generar cambios positivos en algunos componentes de la aptitud física en los pacientes. Se debe seguir investigando esta línea de trabajo. Regular physical activity (PE) has positive health effects, and it is also suggested as a helpful tactic in the management of psychoactive substance use (PAS). Study individuals who were drug addicted looked at differences and the impact of PE on stress and physical fitness. The pre-experimental pretest-posttest design included a single group of (n=4, Mage=22.0, SD=5.3) individuals who were evaluated and eligible based on the PAR-Q & YOU self-report and the IDARE inventory. The results showed that the muscular resistance of the upper and lower limbs had significant differences (p 0.03, and 0.00), but the effect size was negative (d = -1.79 and -6.00); aerobic capacity, abdominal muscular resistance, and flexibility did not show statistical significance, and the effect size was negative; stress showed significant differences. The findings show that PE can improve some aspects of physical fitness in patients. This area of research should be looked into further.  
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Keywords
psychoactive substance, physical exercise, physical conditions, adiction, stress, sustancias psicoactivas, Ejercicio físico, condición física, adicción, estrés
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