Comparación del ACV de 2 estibas construidas con madera natural y madera plástica en Simapro 8.4.0

Date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
Date
2021-11-09
Abstract
Description
The objective of the study reflects a comparison of the conceptual life cycle analysis for 2.00 pallets built with natural wood (melinna) and plastic wood (100% PET), using the SIMAPRO 8.4.0 software in its DEMO 2017 version under the UNE standard -EN ISO 14040. The methodology used was experimental and descriptive where there was manipulation of variables such as: flexural strength, moisture content and natural durability to degrading agents for the determination of social, economic and environmental aspects. The results of the comparative analysis affirmed that the pallets of natural wood affect human health by 100%, unlike the pallets of plastic wood, which affect life in ecosystems by 2%. For the conservation of Biodiversity, natural pallets affect 100% and plastic pallets 47%. Plastic wood, compared to natural wood, has several benefits such as greater impermeability, easy cleaning, greater safety (due to chipping), low moisture absorption.
Se realizó una comparación del análisis de ciclo de vida conceptual para 2 estibas construidas con madera natural (melinna) y madera plástica (100% polietileno) respectivamente, usando el software SIMAPRO 8.4.0.0 en su versión DEMO 2017 la cual usa como norma la UNE EN ISO 14040. Se determinó el alcance del estudio de cada estiba y su análisis de inventario teniendo en cuenta la disponibilidad de actividades en SIMAPRO 8. Se analizaron diferentes factores para cada estiba, los cuales fueron: caracterización y evaluación de daño, y de manera comparativa los factores: salud humana, ecosistemas y recursos. Los resultados arrojados del análisis comparativo afirmaron que las estibas de madera natural afectan en un 100% a la salud humana, y que por el contrario las estibas de madera plástica afectan un 2%, hablando de los ecosistemas, las estibas naturales afectan un 100% y las construidas con madera plástica un 2%, y por último, en el componente de recursos, las estibas naturales afectan en un 100% y las estibas plásticas un 47%.   The objective of the study reflects a comparison of the conceptual life cycle analysis for 2.00 pallets built with natural wood (melinna) and plastic wood (100% PET), using the SIMAPRO 8.4.0 software in its DEMO 2017 version under the UNE standard -EN ISO 14040. The methodology used was experimental and descriptive where there was manipulation of variables such as: flexural strength, moisture content and natural durability to degrading agents for the determination of social, economic and environmental aspects. The results of the comparative analysis affirmed that the pallets of natural wood affect human health by 100%, unlike the pallets of plastic wood, which affect life in ecosystems by 2%. For the conservation of Biodiversity, natural pallets affect 100% and plastic pallets 47%. Plastic wood, compared to natural wood, has several benefits such as greater impermeability, easy cleaning, greater safety (due to chipping), low moisture absorption.
Titulo del recurso fuente
Keywords
ACV, estiba, madera natural, madera plástica
Citation