Analysis of technological innovation capabilities in a localized regional aerospace system using a PLS -SEM model.

Date
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Journal ISSN
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Publisher
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
Date
2023-03-28
Abstract
Description
A methodological proposal is presented whose objective is to analyze the technological innovation capabilities of an aerospace regional innovation system (hereinafter ARIS) through a Partial Least Squares Structural Equations Model -PLS SEM. The model conceives that capacities and resources affect the technological learning of the system. The methodology is of a mixed sequential exploratory type. Through the method of deductive reasoning, the variables of the model are configured, which lead to the construction of an instrument that is tested with the companies associated with the ARIS of Antioquia - Colombia, based on the information obtained, we proceed to validate the consistency and reliability of the technological innovation capabilities (hereinafter TIC) measurement and evaluation system, through Cronbach's alpha coefficient to, finally, refine and improve the model from the application of PLS ​​SEM. In the improvement exercise based on the results, the use of variables that are not representative for the system is discarded. It is concluded that the set of variables selected for the system allows consolidating a construct that allowed measuring and evaluating the CTI, providing information on the levels of development of capabilities in the observed period of time. In addition, the incidence of technological learning is evidenced by the relationship of CTI accumulated by the system. 
Se realizó el análisis de las capacidades de innovación tecnológica (CIT) de un Sistema Regional de Innovación Aeroespacial (SRIA), a través de un modelo PLS-SEM. El modelo concibe que las CIT inciden en el aprendizaje tecnológico del sistema. La metodología utilizada configuró un instrumento que fue puesto a prueba con las empresas asociadas SRIA, seguido, se procedió a validar la consistencia y fiabilidad del sistema de medición y evaluación de las CIT, a través del coeficiente alfa de cronbach’s para, finalmente, refinar a partir de la aplicación PLS SEM, apartando las variables que no fueron representativas para el sistema. Se concluye que el conjunto de variables seleccionadas, consolida un constructo que facilita la medición y evaluación y otorga información de los niveles de desarrollo de las CIT en el periodo de observación y de la incidencia del aprendizaje tecnológico evidenciado en la acumulación de las CIT del SRIA. The analysis of the technological innovation capabilities (TIC) of a Regional Aerospace Innovation System (RAIS) was carried out through a PLS-SEM model. The model conceives that TIC influence the technological learning of the system. The methodology used configured an instrument that was tested with RAIS partner companies, followed, the consistency and reliability of the TIC measurement and evaluation system was then validated, through the cronbach's alpha coefficient and, finally, refined through the PLS SEM application, removing the variables that were not representative for the system. It is concluded that the set of variables selected consolidates a construct that facilitates measurement and evaluation and provides information on the levels of TIC development in the observation period and the incidence of technological learning evidenced in the accumulation of TIC in the RAIS.
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Keywords
Capacidades de innovación tecnológica, Sistema regional de innovación, Industria Aeroespacial, Technological innovation capabilities, Regional innovation system, Aerospace industry
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