Determinación de metales pesados en material particulado atmosférico por espectroscopía de absorción atómica: validación

Date
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Journal ISSN
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Publisher
Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid
Date
2021-11-09
Abstract
Description
The analysis of Cr, Cd, Pb, and Ni in particulate matter (PM10) makes it possible to establish the levels of exposure and risk to the health of the population. This work presents the validation and implementation of analytical methodologies, using microwave-assisted acid digestion and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The parameters were evaluated: linearity, the limit of detection and quantification, precision, and veracity. Linear behavior (R2> 0.995) was obtained between 0.75-2.5 μg Cd, 8.75-125 μg Ni, 5-25 μg Cr and 8.75-15 μg Pb. Also, a matrix effect (α = 0.05) was evidenced in all the metals studied. The coefficients of variation (0.9-12%) and the recovery percentages (66-126%) were found within the allowed intervals. The analysis of the reference material (NIST 1649b Urban Dust) allowed to establish the veracity of the methodology (71-102 % R). Finally, the methodology can be implemented to reliably assess compliance with resolution 2254: 2017 of the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development.
El análisis de Cr, Cd, Pb y Ni en material particulado (PM10) permite establecer los niveles de exposición y de cuantificación, empleando digestión ácida asistida por microondas y espectroscopía de absorción atómica. Se evaluaron los parámetros: linealidad, límite de detección y de cuantificación, precisión y veracidad. Se obtuvo comportamiento lineal (R2>0,995) entre 0,75-2,5 μgCd, 8,75-125 μgNi, 5-25 μgCr y 8,75-15 μgPb. También, se evidenció efecto matriz (α=0.05) en todos los metales estudiados. Los coeficientes de variación (0,9-12%) y los porcentajes de recuperación (66-126%) se encontraron dentro de los intervalos permitidos. El análisis del material de referencia (NIST 1649b Urban Dust) permitió determinar la veracidad de la metodología (71-102 % R). Por consiguiente, la metodología puede ser implementada para evaluar de manera confiable, el cumplimiento de la resolución 2254:2017 del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible.   The analysis of Cr, Cd, Pb, and Ni in particulate matter (PM10) makes it possible to establish the levels of exposure and risk to the health of the population. This work presents the validation and implementation of analytical methodologies, using microwave-assisted acid digestion and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The parameters were evaluated: linearity, the limit of detection and quantification, precision, and veracity. Linear behavior (R2> 0.995) was obtained between 0.75-2.5 μg Cd, 8.75-125 μg Ni, 5-25 μg Cr and 8.75-15 μg Pb. Also, a matrix effect (α = 0.05) was evidenced in all the metals studied. The coefficients of variation (0.9-12%) and the recovery percentages (66-126%) were found within the allowed intervals. The analysis of the reference material (NIST 1649b Urban Dust) allowed to establish the veracity of the methodology (71-102 % R). Finally, the methodology can be implemented to reliably assess compliance with resolution 2254: 2017 of the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development.
Keywords
Material particulado, metales, absorción atómica.
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